The Planes of development, the four Planes of development is the holistic framework upon which Montessori built her vision of developmental psychology. This theory encompasses human development from birth until maturity at age. I describe it as holistic because it considers all aspects of a childs development—academic, spiritual, moral, and emotional. When a child is born, she comes into the world full of promise and potential. The possibilities for who she will become and what her life will be are endless. We have no way of knowing what her potential is and to what extent it will be realized.
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Subbarayudu, at the vasanta Press, The Theosophical Society, adyar, madras. By Anne Prowant, Children's house guide. No matter where you are in your Montessori journey—whether you are a loans seasoned veteran or a newcomer to the method—tackling Maria montessoris theories of developmental psychology is never an easy task. Translated from Italian and written in flowery language typical of the early 20th century, her writings can be difficult to understand, to say the least. Im here to break down Montessoris theory of human development, called the Planes of development, into bite-sized pieces for you. Hopefully, youll come away with a deeper understanding of your child—and possibly even a deeper understanding of yourself. Read on to learn more or click on the links below to read about a particular plane of development: The first Plane: Birth to Age 6 (Early Childhood). The second Plane: Ages 612 (Childhood). The Third Plane: Ages 1218 (Adolescence). The fourth Plane: Ages 1824 (Maturity).
Childhood is a time to link dependence with independence. Children in this development stage are exploring their future potential they are expanding there world outwards. All that we can do as adults is to be role models for them and to encourage them in any way possible. Itunes outsiders u connelly,. Principals op human development, missouri state university. Itunes u montessori,. To educate the human potential, Clio montessori series: Kalakshetra publications. The absorbent mind, Printed.
It is plan because of these characteristics that this period is considered as the most profitable for imparting culture. (The Absorbent Mind,.17) Children can deal with and understand more complicated concepts and ideas. They make conclusions based on things they have learned in the past.(notes, connelly. A) The child at the stage has a really good imagination and is really curious about the world around them they have a global view and this should be seen as a chance to use that to the best advantage to learn as learning does. The outcome of this academic paper gave us and insight in to the child age six to twelve. We noticed that there are many aspects of the child and that it is a complex study. Each stage in life is a time of growth.
For instance when the memory improves the cognition improves. The secret of good teaching is to regard the childs intelligence as a fertile field in which seeds may be sown, to grow under the heat of flaming imagination. Our aim therefore is not merely to make the child understand, and still less to force him to memorise, but so to touch his imagination as to enthuse him to his inmost core. (to educate the human potential,. 15) It has been found that during this period, the child can submit to the mental work necessary in schools. He understands what a teacher says and he has enough patience to listen and to learn. During this whole period, he is constant in his work, as well as strong in health.
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I believe that spiritual development can only be practiced by oneself and that your own actions writing grow your spirality. This actions can be creativity, to be observant, relationships, looking for reason and awakening of ones self and inner-being. Talking about reason, in this childhood development sage intellectual development is all about logic and the active and appropriate use. Piaget theory states that the child is at the concrete operation stage.(Dr. ItunesU) The concrete operation stage in my opinion means to be able to feel, touch and manipulate the task at hand and makes it easer to understand the logic behind. Piaget also states that the child acquires mental ability of seriation, classification, concentration this allows for logical thinking.(Dr.
ItunesU) At this stage the children also learn and build their skills to think without concrete materials and use their imaginations moving from concrete to abstract(Dr. ItunesU) The child also develops the skills and concept of reversibility this is where the child does a task and can go backwards to see and understands the process more writing clearly. The child can now see the relations of other people and there point of view in other words they can take multiple aspects into account.(Dr. ItunesU) The child understands the feeling of empathy and is more desiring. Developmental physiologist suggest that the difficulty children face in solving problems in preschool may stem from memory limitation and not cognitive (Dr. ItunesU) the child has the ability but not the memory and in the next development plane they attain this skill. Thus the child has an increase ability to handle information and short term memory improves(Dr.
ItunesU) There is a sense of freedom and independence as there is some separation between the parents and the child. Sleep overs.(notes, 4 February. A) In social circle intimacy and similarity play an important role in the age 6 to 12 when it comes to friendships between children for they understand one another and is there for emotional support.(Dr. Emotional development children are very sensitive especially criticism but jet they are critical of them selves, They can be touchy, irritable, and very aware of being treated unfairly. They also have a strong moral sense.
Their moods may change easily. They appear to be more cautious and less impulsive and self centred. As I noticed in middle childhood girls tend to be more interested in self-improvement and has worries and fears relative to school and friends. In a spiritual sense of development the child seems to be more observant and interacts with the world in search of the answer of where they fit in in this world.(notes, connelly. A) It is a revelation of the spiritual man to know, to love and to serve. It comes only by ones own experience and development, not through preaching. In this statement by maria montessori in The absorbent mind.
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138) This means that the child have a good sense of right and resume wrong and also believe in strong morals. The child creates them selfs and there personality or character in this stage of development. The period from 6 years is summary therefore the most important part of life regarding character too, since here it is formed.(The absorbent mind,. 138) In the social setting the child has a herd instinct, they tend to follow a group. Friend become important at this stage. Females tend to have fewer but closer friends then males. They generally have several best friends but will tend to only spend time with one or two at a time.(Dr.
A) I believe that may be one of the reasons that children between the age of 6 and 12 need more sleep. Intense activity may bring tiredness. Children need around 10 to resume 11 hours of sleep each night There are a lot of factors that play a role in the physical development of a child at this age; nutrition, health and deceases, genetic factors, stress, hormone play a role in the physical. Talking about physical development I notice that there is some connections between this and social, emotional, intellectual and spiritual development. Statistics shows us that Physical attractiveness one of 6 popularity settings in a social environment the others are; prosocial behaviour, assertiveness but not aggressiveness, outgoing personality, self control, ability to enter a group and initiate interactions.(Dr. ItunesU) to be social is a way of life and a basic need for any human. According to Erik eriksons social development studies this age group fall in to stage 4 namely the industry vs inferiority.(Dr. ItunesU) What i understand about the industry vs inferiority stage is that they earn a sense of accomplishment and pride in their abilities but at the same time needs encouragement and in some ways to be praised or to just be acknowledge. The question of good and evil comes into the light of consciousness as a special characteristic of this age.(The absorbent mind,.
as adults by the end of middle childhood. Gross motor development is one factor that improves at this stage because of the muscle co-ordination and strength that develops over time.(Bailey,. ItunesU) There are some known gross motor deferences between genders that is, girls are superior in accuracy movements as where boys are superior in forceful, less complex task. All this deferences between boys and girls begin to emerge and they notice that they are not the same. Fine motor skills improves rapidly at this age, they learn to use their hands independently and at the end of the middle childhood stage they have mastered this skill and continue to use this throughout adolescence.(Bailey,. Children may also over estimate their physical abilities and take risk in some tasks.(Dr. ItunesU) Children at this stage uses high energy levels and are in most cases really active.(notes, 4 February.
In this academic paper we are going to points look at the child age six to twelve and the characteristic the child posses in one of four planes of development. Within this plane of development I will be explaining physical, social, emotional, spiritual and cognitive development of the child and how this develops throughout childhood. For many children, these years from six to twelve are the glory years a time of calm and steady growth and expansion of interests. At this development plane called childhood development or the age of serenity-rudeness (notes, 4th February, connelly A) children experience a major transformation. This transformation leads from the sponge-like absorbent mind of early childhood to the reasoning, thinking adult mind. What i understand is that the absorbent mind, learning happened almost automatically, but the reasoning mind needs to be consciously somewhat forced in to the learning process. First we are going to look at physical development of the child between 6 and 12 years. Physical growth over all is slow but still steady, this is the time where girls are generally taller than boys.
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Absorbent mind: first plane of development where the child has the capability to absorb large amounts of information with ease, as they are sensitive to specific skills characteristic: distinguishing feature or qualities of something childhood development: Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional. Fine motor: is the action involving the small muscles of the hands, as in handwriting, sewing or knitting. Four planes of development:. Montessori saw the human being going through four planes, or stages, of development with each plane having unique characteristics and opportunities for learning gross motor. Gross motor involves the large muscles of the body, as in walking, running or swimming. Intellectual development: being capable of analysing understanding and evaluating concepts to make sense out of the world around them moral sense: the ability to distinguish between right and wrong. Physical development: is the development of the body and organs. Prosocial behaviour: or voluntary behaviour intended to benefit paperwork another, consists of actions which benefit other people or society as a whole, such as helping, sharing, donating, co-operating, and volunteering social development: refers to an alteration in the social order of a society this may include. In this process, the secular mind decreases as the sacred increases through a series of disciplines.