Wentworth Place edit wentworth Place, now the keats house museum (left ten keats Grove (right) John keats moved to the newly built Wentworth Place, owned by his friend Charles Armitage Brown. It was on the edge of Hampstead heath, ten minutes' walk south of his old home in Well Walk. The winter of 181819, though a difficult period for the poet, marked the beginning of his annus mirabilis in which he wrote his most mature work. 1 he had been inspired by a series of recent lectures by hazlitt on English poets and poetic identity and had also met Wordsworth. 40 41 keats may have seemed to his friends to be living on comfortable means, but in reality he was borrowing regularly from Abbey and his friends. 4 he composed five of his six great odes at Wentworth Place in April and may and, although it is debated in which order they were written, " Ode to Psyche " opened the published series. According to Brown, " Ode to a nightingale " was composed under a plum tree in the garden. Nb 2 42 43 Brown wrote, "In the spring of 1819 a nightingale had built her nest near my house.
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In a gold letter to his brother george, keats wrote that they talked about "a thousand things. Nightingales, poetry, poetical sensation, metaphysics." 32 Around this time he was introduced to Charles Wentworth Dilke and James Rice., keats began a walking tour of Scotland, Ireland, and the lake district with his friend Charles Armitage Brown. Keats' brother george and his wife georgina accompanied them as far as Lancaster and then continued to liverpool, from where the couple emigrated to America. They lived in Ohio and louisville, kentucky, until 1841, when george's investments failed. Like keats' other brother, they both died penniless and racked by philosophy tuberculosis, for which there was no effective treatment until the next century. 34 35 In July, while on the Isle of Mull, keats caught a bad cold and "was too thin and fevered to proceed on the journey." 36 After his return south in August, keats continued to nurse tom, exposing himself to infection. Some biographers suggest that this is when tuberculosis, his "family disease first took hold. 37 38 " Consumption " was not identified as a disease with a single infectious origin until 1820, and there was considerable stigma attached to the condition, as it was often associated with weakness, repressed sexual passion, or masturbation. Keats "refuses to give it a name" in his letters. 39 Tom keats died on 1 December 1818.
Keats had spent a great deal on his medical training and, despite his state of financial hardship and indebtedness, had made large loans to friends such as painter Benjamin haydon. Keats would go on to lend 700 to his brother george. By lending so much, keats could no longer cover the interest of his own debts. 4 31 having left his training at the hospital, suffering from a succession of colds, and unhappy with living in damp rooms in London, keats moved with his brothers into rooms at 1 Well Walk in the village of Hampstead in April 1817. Both John and george nursed their brother Tom, who was suffering from tuberculosis. The house fruit was close to hunt and others from his circle in Hampstead, as well as to coleridge, respected elder of the first wave of Romantic poets, at that time living in Highgate. On, keats reported that he and Coleridge had a long walk together on Hampstead heath.
4 Andrew Motion represents him as Boswell to keats' johnson, ceaselessly promoting the writer's work, fighting his corner, and spurring his poetry to greater heights. In later years, woodhouse was one of the few people to accompany keats to Gravesend to embark on his final trip to rome. 26 In spite of the bad reviews of poems, hunt published the essay "Three young poets" ( Shelley, keats, and reynolds ) and the sonnet " On First looking into Chapman's Homer foreseeing great things to come. 27 he introduced keats to many prominent men in his circle, including the editor of The times, thomas Barnes ; the writer Charles Lamb ; the conductor Vincent novello ; and the poet John Hamilton reynolds, who would become a close friend. 28 he was also regularly meeting William hazlitt, a powerful literary figure of the day. It was a decisive turning point for keats, establishing him in the public eye as a figure in what Hunt termed "a new school of poetry." 29 At this time keats wrote points to his friend bailey: "I am certain of nothing but the holiness. What imagination seizes as beauty must be truth." 1 30 This passage would eventually be transmuted into the concluding lines of " Ode on a grecian Urn beauty is truth, truth beauty' that is all / ye know on earth, and all ye need. In early december 1816, under the heady influence of his artistic friends, keats told Abbey that he had plan decided to give up medicine in favour of poetry, to Abbey's fury.
Keats immediately changed publishers to taylor and Hessey on Fleet Street. 24 Unlike the Olliers, keats's new publishers were enthusiastic about his work. Within a month of the publication of poems they were planning a new keats volume and had paid him an advance. Hessey became a steady friend to keats and made the company's rooms available for young writers to meet. Their publishing lists eventually included Coleridge, hazlitt, clare, hogg, carlyle and Lamb. 25 Through taylor and Hessey, keats met their Eton -educated lawyer, richard woodhouse, who advised them on literary as well as legal matters and was deeply impressed by poems. Although he noted that keats could be "wayward, trembling, easily daunted woodhouse was convinced of keats's genius, a poet to support as he became one of England's greatest writers. Soon after they met, the two became close friends, and woodhouse started to collect keatsiana, documenting as much as he could about keats's poetry. This archive survives as one of the main sources of information on keats's work.
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19 In 1816, keats received his apothecary's licence, which made him eligible to practise as an apothecary, physician, and surgeon, but before the end of the year he announced to his guardian that he was resolved to be a poet, not a surgeon. 4 Although he continued his work and training at guy's, keats devoted more and more time to the study of literature, experimenting with verse forms, particularly the sonnet., leigh Hunt agreed to publish the sonnet "o solitude" in report his magazine, the Examiner, a leading liberal. 20 It was the first appearance in print of keats's poetry, and Charles Cowden Clarke described it as his friend's red letter day, 21 the first proof that keats's ambitions were valid. Among his poems of 1816 was to my brothers. 22 In the summer of that year, keats went with Clarke to the seaside town of Margate to write. There he began "Calidore" and initiated the era of his great letter writing.
On his return to london, he took lodgings at 8 dean Street, southwark, and braced himself for further study in order to become a member of the royal College of Surgeons. 23 In October 1816, Clarke introduced keats to the influential leigh Hunt, a close friend of Byron and Shelley. Five months later came the publication of poems, the first volume of keats's verse, which included "I stood tiptoe" and "Sleep and poetry both strongly influenced by hunt. 20 The book was a critical failure, arousing little interest, although reynolds reviewed it favourably in The Champion. 11 Clarke commented that the book "might have emerged in Timbuctoo." 4 keats's publishers, Charles and James Ollier, felt ashamed of the book.
Money was always a great concern and difficulty for him, as he struggled to stay out of debt and make his way in the world independently. 4 16 On First looking into Chapman's Homer Much have i travell'd in the realms of gold, And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; round many western islands have i been Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold. Oft of one wide expanse had I been told That deep-browed Homer ruled as his demesne; Yet did I never breathe its pure serene till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold: Then felt I like some watcher of the skies When a new. the sonnet "On First looking into Chapman's Homer" October 1816 having finished his apprenticeship with Hammond, keats registered as a medical student at guy's Hospital (now part of King's College london ) and began studying there in October 1815. Within a month of starting, he was accepted as a dresser at the hospital, assisting surgeons during operations, the equivalent of a junior house surgeon today. It was a significant promotion, that marked a distinct aptitude for medicine; it brought greater responsibility and a heavier workload.
4 keats's long and expensive medical training with Hammond and at guy's Hospital led his family to assume he would pursue a lifelong career in medicine, assuring financial security, and it seems that at this point keats had a genuine desire to become a doctor. 4 11 he lodged near the hospital, at 28 St Thomas's Street in southwark, with other medical students, including Henry Stephens who became a famous inventor and ink magnate. 17 However, keats's training took up increasing amounts of his writing time, and he was increasingly ambivalent about his medical career. He felt that he faced a stark choice. 11 18 he had written his first extant poem, "An Imitation of Spenser in 1814, when he was. Now, strongly drawn by ambition, inspired by fellow poets such as leigh Hunt and Lord Byron, and beleaguered by family financial crises, he suffered periods of depression. His brother george wrote that John "feared that he should never be a poet, if he was not he would destroy himself".
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That autumn, keats left Clarke's school to apprentice with Thomas Hammond, a surgeon and apothecary who was a neighbour and the doctor of the jennings family. Keats lodged in the attic resume above the surgery at 7 Church Street until 1813. 4 Cowden Clarke, who remained a close friend of keats, described this period as "the most placid time in keats's life." 14 Early career edit From 1814, keats had two bequests, held in trust for him until his 21st birthday: 800 willed by his grandfather. Nb 1 It seems he was not told of either, since he never applied for any of the money. Historically, blame has often been laid on Abbey as legal guardian, but he may also have been unaware. 15 William Walton, solicitor for keats's mother and grandmother, definitely did know and had a duty of care to relay the information to keats. It seems he did not. The money would have made a critical difference to the poet's expectations.
11 In the family atmosphere at Clarke's, keats developed an interest in classics and history, which would stay with him throughout his short life. The headmaster's son, Charles Cowden Clarke, also became an important mentor and friend, introducing keats to renaissance literature, including Tasso, spenser, and Chapman's translations. The young keats was described by his friend Edward Holmes as a volatile character, "always in extremes given to indolence and fighting. However, at 13 he began focusing his energy on reading and study, winning his first academic prize in midsummer 1809. 11 In April 1804, when keats was eight, his father died from a skull fracture, suffered when he fell from his horse while returning from a visit to keats and his brother george at school. 12 Thomas keats died intestate. Frances remarried two months later, but left her new husband soon afterwards, and the four children went to live with their grandmother, Alice jennings, in the village of Edmonton. 13 In March 1810, when keats was 14, his mother died of tuberculosis, leaving the children in the custody of their grandmother. She appointed two guardians, richard Abbey and John Sandell, to take care of them.
"Fanny" (18031889) who eventually married Spanish author Valentín Llanos Gutiérrez. 5, another son was lost in infancy. His father first worked as a hostler 6 at the stables attached to the Swan and hoop Inn, an establishment he later managed, and where the growing family lived for some years. Keats believed that he was born at the inn, a birthplace of humble origins, but there is no evidence to support his belief. 4 The Globe pub now occupies the site (2012 a few yards from the modern-day moorgate station. 7 he was baptised at St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate, and sent to a local dame school as a child. 3 8 His parents were unable to afford Eton or Harrow, 9 10 so in the summer of 1803, he was sent to board at John Clarke's school in Enfield, close to his grandparents' house. The small school had a liberal outlook and a progressive curriculum more modern than the larger, more prestigious schools.
2, the poetry of keats the is characterised by sensual imagery, most notably in the series of odes. This is typical of romantic poets, as they aimed to accentuate extreme emotion through the emphasis of natural imagery. Today his poems and letters are some of the most popular and most analysed in English literature. Some of the most acclaimed works of keats are. Ode to a nightingale, sleep and poetry and the famous sonnet ". On First looking into Chapman's Homer ". Contents, biography edit, early life edit, john keats was born in, moorgate, london, on to Thomas keats and his wife, born Frances Jennings. There is little evidence of his exact birth place.
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For other uses, see. John keats ( /kits/ ; 23 February 1821) was an English. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets, along with. Lord Byron and, percy bysshe Shelley, despite his works having been in publication for only four years before his death from tuberculosis at age. 1, although write his poems were not generally well received by critics during his lifetime, his reputation grew after his death, and by the end of the 19th century, he had become one of the most beloved of all. He had a significant influence on a diverse range of poets and writers. Jorge luis Borges stated that his first encounter with keats's work was the most significant literary experience of his life.