When youre developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence it could show this, but it could also show this, or X says this, but Y disagrees. This section covers words you can use instead of the but in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. However Usage: Use however to introduce a point that disagrees with what youve just said. Example: Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion. On the other hand Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation.
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Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him. As well as, usage: Use as well as instead of also or and. Example: Scholar a argued that this was due to x, as well. Not only but also, usage: This wording is used to add an extra essay piece of information, often something thats in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example: Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example: coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view. Firstly, friend secondly, thirdly, usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example: There are many points in support of this view. Not to mention/to say nothing of Usage: Not to mention and to say nothing of can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example: The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the countrys economy.
Likewise, scholar b argues compellingly in favour of this point of view. Usage: Use similarly in the same way as likewise. Example: Audiences at the time reacted with shock to beethovens new work, because it the was very different to what they were used. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar. Another key thing to remember. Usage: Use the phrase another key point to remember or another key fact to remember to introduce additional facts without using the word also. Example: As a romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature.
Example: Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support. Furthermore, usage:This is also generally and used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example: Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that. Whats more, usage: This is used in the same way as moreover and furthermore. Example: Whats more, this isnt the only evidence that supports this hypothesis. Likewise, usage: Use likewise when you want to talk about friendship something that agrees with what youve just mentioned. Example: Scholar A believes.
Example: Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air. To that end, usage: Use to that end or to this end in a similar way to in order to. Example: zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of and each time they want to add further information in support of a point theyre making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage: Employ moreover at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point youre making.
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Its by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we wont have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement. Lets start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points. In order to, usage: In order to can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example: In order to understand elon x, we need first to understand. Usage: Use in other words when you want to express something in a different way (more simply to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.
Example: Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water. To put it another way. Usage: This phrase is another way of saying in other words, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example: Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun. That is to say, usage: That is and that is to say can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.
Beware of using the verbs discuss or express followed by that. For example, it is incorrect to write, the reviewer expressed that the movie is not worth seeing. You can, however, write the following: The reviewer expressed the view that the movie is not worth seeing. Verbs in this category may also appear in a subordinate clause beginning with As : As da souza argues, misinterpretations by previous researchers need to be corrected. As researchers have demonstrated, the procedure is harmful. Pattern 2 : reporting verb somebody/something for noun/gerund applaud blame censure criticize disparage fault praise ridicule single out thank Smith criticized Jones for his use of incomplete data (OR for using incomplete data).
Both Smith and Jones condemn previous researchers for distorting the data. Banting thanked Best for his contribution to the discovery of insulin. Pattern 3 : reporting verb somebody/something as noun/gerund/adjective appraise assess characterize class classify define depict describe evaluate identify interpret portray present refer view Jones describes the findings as resting on irrefutable evidence. Smith identifies the open window as a source of contamination. Smith and Jones both present their data as conclusive. 267 comments, to be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if its not intelligently articulated, you almost neednt have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if youre to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, were going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them.
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There is a wide choice of such verbs in review English. Use a dictionary to check that you have chosen a verb with the nuance you intend. Here are some grammatical patterns to follow in using these verbs: Pattern 1 : reporting verb that subject verb acknowledge admit agree allege argue assert assume believe claim conclude consider decide demonstrate deny determine discover doubt emphasize explain find hypothesize imply indicate infer note object. Researchers have demonstrated that the procedure is harmful. Positivists find that social disorders are exacerbated by class factors. Singh infers that both states are essential. Note that these verbs all differ in meaning-they cannot be used interchangeably. For example, the verb argue in sample sentence (a) indicates your judgement that the authors conclusion is based on evidence and reasoning, but that other conclusions might be possible. The verb demonstrate in sentence (b) indicates your judgement that the researchers evidence and reasoning are so convincing that no other conclusion is possible.
made of green cheese. . This seems problematic for a number of reasons, most notably that cheese eventually go rancid and we could smell it from here. . On the other hand, y presents a model in which the moon is made of blue-vein cheese, which is even smellier but has the advantage of being softer, a theory which still does not seem convincing. . In 2016, z put forward a theory in which the moon was not made of cheese at all, but rather a peculiar kind of chocolate.". 1590s, "short non-fiction literary composition" (first attested in writings of Francis Bacon, probably in imitation of Montaigne from Middle French essai "trial, attempt, essay from Late latin exagium "a weighing, weight from Latin exigere "test from ex- "out" (see ex- ) agere (see act ). You can indicate your attitude to the sources you cite by choosing specific verbs to refer to them. Dont just keep repeating Smith says.
Word list, key words, vocabulary builder. A handy word list for students to extend their vocabulary in assignment writing. Other words they can use instead of "this shows" and "effective". By no means exhaustive but it has made a hand. Read more, recommended Categories. It depends on the context. "After" might work but sounds old-fashioned and contrived and only works in a few contexts. Instead of "According to x, the moon is made of green cheese" you could write "If one accepts the research of x, the moon is made of green cheese or "X has argued convincingly, often, in other places, etc that the moon is made. Without rephrasing the sentence too much you could try "In the opinion.
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Early 13c., "circumstances, temporary attributes of a person or thing, conditions from Latin status "manner of standing, position, condition noun of action from past participle stem of stare "to stand" from pie root *sta- "to stand" (see stet ). Some middle English senses are via old French estat (French état; see estate ). The latin word was adopted into other modern Germanic languages (e.g. German, dutch staat) but chiefly in the political healthy senses only. Meaning "physical condition as regards form or structure" is attested from late 13c. Meaning "mental or emotional condition" is attested from 1530s (phrase state of mind first). Old English secgan "to utter, inform, speak, tell, relate from Proto-germanic *sagjanan (cf. Old Saxon seggian, Old Norse segja, danish sige, old Frisian sedsa, middle dutch segghen, dutch zeggen, Old High German sagen, german sagen "to say from pie *sokwyo-, from root *sekw- (3) "to say, utter" (cf. Hittite shakiya- "to declare lithuanian sakyti "to say old Church Slavonic sociti "to vindicate, show Old Irish insce "speech Old Latin inseque "to tell say.