Dan he was swimming at the pool the whole afternoon. Smith was visiting her uncle, she was suddenly called back to the hospital. We were still studying at the library when you called. You were working too hard last year, so take a holiday. While my parents they were shopping in town yesterday, we were cooking them dinner. Dependent clausetime modifer independent clause main clause While. Negative sentences and question Types in the past Progressive negative statements: Subject Auxiliary verbnot main Verb Rest of sentence i was not wasn't working on a new project all month.
English tenses rules Exercises pdf
Form The past Progressive verb is a compound verb, composed of the auxiliary to be, which pragmatism agrees with the subject in form, and the present participle (Ving). Make sure you do not forget the auxiliary verb. Subject Auxiliary verb be main Verb Rest of sentence i, he, she, it was Ving you, we, they were ving I was working on a new project all month. Donna was staying with her aunt with her aunt until she found an apartment. My brothers were playing chess for hours. Remember: V1base form, V2 Past Simple, v3Past Participle, vingPresent Participle watch out! Remember to use the 2-part Past Progressive verb with the correct form of to be to agree with the subject. Common Time Expressions The past Progressive is used with time expressions (in blue) informing that the action was taking place over a stretch of time, which was of temporary nature. It is common for the past Progressive to appear in a dependent clause that constitutes the time modifier of the main clause. Subject Verb Time i was listening to my new CDs for hours days. You were not making any sense all day night.
Advanced Usage of the past Progressive: Use Examples Explanation. Descriptions and background information in narrative (the events are in Past Simple) little red Riding hood went out of the house to visit grandma. The sun was shining, the birds were singing, and the wind was whispering in the trees. She entered the forest and suddenly saw something which was moving in the trees In narrative (telling a story the actual events marking the progression of the plot are in the past Simple, whereas the description and background are often in the past Progressive. This provides your writing with a dramatic effect (the events) which occur out of the ongoing background. Reporting about plans and arrangements for a near future point within a past period susan was updated that she was meeting new investors the following week. (but this was last month) tom said he was watching a movie on tv that evening. (and thats why he couldnt join.) for reporting bill about prearranged plans related to a near future point, in a past period which has already finished (future in the past) Instead of the Present Progressive, when the sentence begins in the past (sequence of tenses).
were having is in the past Progressive because it was already in progress, went off is in the past Simple because it refers to a new instantaneous occurrence, which short took place during the longer activity. After the electricity went off, my boss brought some flash lights and candles and continued the meeting, which ended an hour later. All the verbs in red are in the past Simple as all the actions happened great one after the other, and not simultaneously, during one another If you are just mentioning the mere fact that something happened and finished in the past, use the past Simple. If you want to emphasize the progression of the activity and the time and effort that was invested around a certain point of time in the past, use the past Progressive. Yesterday i baked a cake. Mere mentioning of a completed past action, it simply happened, nothing special - use the past Simple At. Yesterday, i was making a cake for Toms birthday. I devoted a considerable amount of time and effort baking, instead of doing something else, like going to the gym, so appreciate it! use the past Progressive stative verbs ( appear, realize, love, sound) are more commonly used with simple tenses rather than with progressive tenses.
Because i was running, (longer activity) I couldnt answer my cell phone as I was busy in the middle of the activity. He only made one call (short action) and didnt continue trying. don was in the process of writing an email on the computer when the malfunction caught him by surprise. He was already in the middle of the activity when something new happened, in this case interrupting his work. Sherry was minding her own business getting home (extended activity when she suddenly bumped into a friend (short sudden activity). If the second action was new and not already in process parallel to the first action; or took place after or before the first action, rather than at the same time, you need the. Past Simple tense (marked in red). While we were having the staff meeting, the electricity went off.
Past, simple and, past, perfect, tense
ron was making dinner while his roommates were cleaning the resume apartment. during his ride to the airport, i was continuously trying to call him, but since the train was making a noise, he didnt hear his cell phone. It was all happening at the same time. It turned out that Michelles boyfriend was spending his vacation in parallel to her working in London. The two got to be together during that time after all. The roommates were all busy doing something concurrently and therefore could not be interrupted.
An ongoing past activity with a shorter past action that occurred and was completed in the middle of the longer one. I was jogging essay in the park when you called. don was writing an email when the computer suddenly shut down. As Sherry was walking home, she unexpectedly met an old friend. he called at some point during the jog.
Usages: read through the table and try to understand the connection between the usages and the slogan. Use, examples, explanations. An ongoing incomplete action which continued for a stretch of time in the past and ended. Donna was doing her homework for hours yesterday. last weekend, the guys were shopping all night long.
The Prime minister was still talking at 09:00 yesterday morning. donna, the guys, and the Prime minister were all busy doing an activity, which lasted for some time before it finished. The emphasis is on the duration of the action and the fact that the doer invested time and effort in the activity. The doers were in the middle of the action, so they could not do anything else, while other doers could have. A few ongoing actions that were happening at the same time. While you were riding the train to the airport, i was trying to call you. michelle was working in London the same month her boyfriend was spending his vacation there.
English Grammar: article, syntax, adjective
It stresses that the doer was in the middle of a dynamic activity while other activities may have been happening at the same time. To know more, read these sections of our review on the past healthy Progressive in English. Common with time expressions. Negative statements and questions. Slogan: I was in the middle of doing something, and something else may have been happened in the same time. The slogan encapsulates the basic meaning of the past Progressive, so use it when hesitating about what verb form to choose in your. Remembering one short slogan can help you navigate through all the grammar rules it relates.
The stationmaster says to you: "you are too late. The train has left." Later, you tell your friends: "We were too late. The train had left." we often use the past perfect tense in reported speech after verbs like said, told, foundation asked, thought, wondered : look at these examples: he told us that the train had left. I thought I had met her before, but I was wrong. He explained that he had closed the window because of the rain. I wondered if I had been there before. I asked them why they had not finished. Free english Grammar guide the past Progressive tense, the past Progressive tense (or Past Continuous) is a verb tense in English that describes on-going actions that continued for a specific stretch of time in the past and ended.
when i arrived." "Really? Where had she gone?" you can sometimes think of the past perfect tense like the present perfect tense, but instead of the time being now the time is past. Past perfect tense present perfect tense had done have done past now future past now future for example, imagine that you arrive at the station.15am.
When speaking with the past perfect tense, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb: I had I'd you had you'd he had she had it had he'd she'd it'd we had we'd they had they'd The 'd contraction is also used for the auxiliary. For example, we'd can mean: we had or we would But usually the main verb is in a different form, for example: we had arrived (past participle) we would arrive (base) It is always clear from the context. The past perfect tense expresses action in the past before another action in the past. This is the past in the past. For example: The train left at 9am. We arrived.15am. When we arrived, the train had left. The train had left when we arrived. Past present future Train leaves in past at 9am.
Sematech publishing Resources: Style guide
I had sung, the past perfect tense is quite an easy tense to understand and to use. This tense talks about the "past in the past". The structure of the past perfect tense is: subject auxiliary verb resume have main verb conjugated in simple past tense past participle had, v3, for negative sentences in the past perfect tense, we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the past perfect tense: subject auxiliary verb main verb, i had finished my work. you had stopped before. She had not gone to school., we had not left? Had they eaten dinner?